References Life and Career Braud was born on November 26, as an only child. He began his academic journey at Loyola University in New Orleans, where he first focused on physics and shortly after switched to psychology, earning his BA. He then transitioned to the University of Iowa where he earned his MA in and his PhD in , both in experimental psychology. His career began to take shape when he arrived at the University of Houston, where he taught and conducted research focused on learning, memory, motivation, psychophysiology, and the biochemistry of memory. Eight years later Braud left his tenured position as an associate professor to join the Mind Science Foundation, a private research organization in San Antonio, Texas.
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References Life and Career Braud was born on November 26, as an only child. He began his academic journey at Loyola University in New Orleans, where he first focused on physics and shortly after switched to psychology, earning his BA. He then transitioned to the University of Iowa where he earned his MA in and his PhD in , both in experimental psychology. His career began to take shape when he arrived at the University of Houston, where he taught and conducted research focused on learning, memory, motivation, psychophysiology, and the biochemistry of memory.
Eight years later Braud left his tenured position as an associate professor to join the Mind Science Foundation, a private research organization in San Antonio, Texas. While at the Mind Science Foundation he directed research and brought structure and format to research topics that included parapsychology, the influence on health and well-being of relaxation, imagery, positive emotions, and intention, and psychoneuroimmunology. He taught research-related graduate psychology courses, supervised dissertations, and conducted quantitative and qualitative research studies in areas of exceptional human experiences mystical, intuitive, peak, transformative and their interpretations, meanings, and life impacts; personal and spiritual change and transformation.
Together they worked as principal facilitators of these emerging transpersonal approaches to students at ITP now Sofia University. The true value of the integral inquiry lies in the usage and balance of a variety of lenses through which the researcher views the subject matter.
Human experience is multileveled and complex, and the way research is carried out must be correspondingly multifaceted and pluralistic. Research was held as an invitation for transformation of all those involved — researcher, participant, and reader. Integral Inquiry affirms that the human experience is both multi-leveled and complex, providing a multi-faceted process to support research questions. Intuitive Inquiry 15 , 16 , 17 guides one to extend into the future, to use intuitive processes inherent in all human beings as a means to assist in the formulation of research topics and questions.
In one group of studies, Braud and Schlitz demonstrated that a person could affect the autonomic nervous system fight or flight tendency of another person. EDA is a test that monitors the sweat glands to determine when the sympathetic nervous system is aroused.
Nonlocality of existence was and remains a difficult concept for researchers like Braud to prove: some individuals criticized his work as out of step with mainstream science, insisting that no hypothesis can account for distant mental influences. Transpersonal Psychology Braud felt there was nothing in the world like experiential education. He believed that many of the components involved with whole-person learning are based on specific and concrete human experiences, where much of whole-person learning is experiential in nature.
It is distinguished from forms of learning academic or intellectual forms that are further removed from what is to be known—that is, that are mediated—and that tend to be more abstract and cognitive. Braud, W. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Selected Literature Anderson, R. Disciplined inquiry for transpersonal studies: Old and new approaches to research. Anderson, R. Transpersonal research from a global perspective. Psi-conducive states.
Journal of Communication, 25 1 , Nonevident psi. Parapsychology Review, 13, A methodology for the objective study of transpersonal imagery.
Journal of Scientific Exploration, 3 1 , Remote mental influence of electrodermal activity. Journal of Indian Psychology, 10 1 , Human interconnectedness: Research indications. On the use of living target systems in distant mental influence research. McMahon Eds. New York: Parapsychology Foundation, pp. Reactions to an unseen gaze remote attention : A review, with new data on autonomic staring detection. Journal of Parapsychology, 57 4 , Further studies of autonomic detection of remote staring: Replication, new control procedures, and personality correlates.
Reaching for consciousness: Expansions and complements. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 88 3 , Honoring our natural experiences. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 88 4 , Can our intentions interact directly with the physical world?
European Journal of Parapsychology, 10, Toward an integral methodology for transpersonal studies. Assumptions, beliefs, white crows, and connections. Braud, W, Empirical explorations of prayer, distant healing, and remote mental influence.
Journal of Religion and Psychical Research, 17 2 , Parapsychology and spirituality: Implications and intimations. An experience of timelessness. Exceptional Human Experience, 13 1 , Attention focusing facilitated through remote mental interaction. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 89 2 , Limits and limitlessness.
Thoughts on research and clinical practice. Can research be transpersonal? Transpersonal Psychology Review, 2 3 , Projects of transcendence at ITP. Exceptional Human Experience News, 5 1 , In support of single-case clinical studies.
Alternative Therapies, 4 3 , On varieties of dissociation: An essay review of Broken images, broken selves: Dissociative narratives in clinical practice. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 93, Transcending the limits of time.
Inner Edge, 2 6 , Wellness implications of retroactive intentional influence: Exploring an outrageous hypothesis. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 6 1 , Braud W. Reply to Mr. Kennedy and Dr. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 6 3 , Reply to Dr. Toward more subtle awareness: Meanings, implications, and possible new directions for psi research.
Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 33, On qualitative methods and researcher qualities and preparation. The ley and the labyrinth: Universalistic and particularistic approaches to knowing.
Transpersonal Psychology Review, 6 2 , Thoughts on the ineffability of the mystical experience. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 12 3 , Brains, science, and nonordinary and transcendent experiences: Can conventional concepts and theories adequately address mystical and paranormal experiences?
Psi favorable conditions. Rammohan Ed , New frontiers of human science pp. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. Braud, Distant mental influence: Its contributions to science, healing, and human interactions pp. Charlottesville, VA: Hampton Roads. Nonordinary and transcendent experiences: Transpersonal aspects of consciousness. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 97 , Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 35, Transpersonal images: Implications for health.
Sheikh Ed. Healing images: The role of imagination in health pp. An introduction to Organic Inquiry: Honoring the transpersonal and spiritual in research praxis. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 36, Journal of Consciousness Studies, 12 6 , The farther reaches of psi research: Future choices and possibilities. Storm Eds.
Distant Mental Influence: Its Contributions to Science, Healing, and Human Interactions
Hampton Roads Publishing Company, Inc. Distant Mental Influence: Its Contributions to Science, Healing, and Human Interactions by William Braud Our Western scientific worldview maintains that we are isolated individuals who communicate and interact only locally, by exchanging information through our recognized senses and technological tools. However, carefully collected, but typically ignored, evidence suggests that. This evidence comes from areas of psychology, parapsychology, consciousness research, and transpersonal studies. The purpose of this book is to present, interpret, and elaborate some of this evidence; to explore its implications for science; and to address its possible practical applications in our everyday lives and relationships. Concisely stated, the evidence compiled in this volume indicates that, under certain conditions, it is possible to know and to influence the thoughts, images, feelings, behaviors, and physiological and physical activities of other persons and living organisms--even when the influencer and the influenced are separated by great distances in space and time, beyond the reach of the conventional senses. Because the usual modes of knowing and influence are eliminated in these studies, their success reveals modes of human interaction and interconnection beyond those currently recognized in the conventional natural, behavioral, and social sciences.
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Is it possible for us to use such techniques to influence others, even at a distance, for purposes of healing? Is it possible for us to influence the images, thoughts, behaviors, and physiological reactions of other persons--separated by distance--without conventional sensory means of interaction? Can these abilities extend to animals and even to cells e. Might these abilities be involved in the efficacy of distant, mental, or spiritual healing and intercessory prayer? Might these influences even extend to events distant in time--even backwards in time? Do these influences have major implications for our scientific theories, our human identity, the interconnections between ourselves and nature, and our relationships with others?