Calcareous ossicles probably discourage predation of the adults. Other predators include Hyperoodon ampullatus , the northern bottlenose whale. Asteroids can lose arms to predators and regenerate the arms later. Brusca and Brusca, Known Predators northern bottlenose whales Hyperoodon ampullatus Ecosystem Roles Some asteroids, such as Acanthaster planci , have increased in population and damage coral reefs as a result of their grazing. Many asteroids are top predators and keystone species.
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Very abundant. On rocks, occasionally sand. Most common predatory sea star in Monterey region. Range: British Columbia to Baja Synonyms: Similar species: Pisaster brevispinus is pink with much smaller white spines. Image: Lagenicella top rt. Largest Pisaster species. Common on sand or mud, occasionally on rock.
Preys on a variety of bivalves, burrowing snails such as Callianax , sand dollars Dendraster. Body red with irregular orange-yellow bands; long spines surrounded by ruffled rings of pedicellaria at base. Common, on rocks and sandy bottoms. Diet includes gastropods, chitons, barnacles and tunicates.
Also can dig up bivalves from sandy areas. Range: Alaska to southern California Synonyms: Similar species: bright red and orange color is diagnostic. Preys on variety of invertebrates; can also capture small benthic fishes such as sculpins with its large pedicellaria. Range: SE Alaska to San Diego Synonyms: Asterias forreri Similar species: Pisaster giganteus is much more common, with somewhat stouter arms and has blue rings around its large spines.
Image: Didemnum carnulentum lower left cntr. Females brood eggs to juvenile stage under oral disc and do not feed during incubation. Range: Puget Sound to southern California Synonyms: previously referred to as Leptasterias hexactis, which is probably a northern species. Similar species: the small 6-armed sea stars of the Pacific coast are a complex of species that are difficult to distinguish in the field.
Largest, most active sea star on Pacific coast. Common on rocks, sand or mud. Many motile invertebrates have well-developed escape responses to Pycnopodia. Range: Alaska to San Diego uncommon south of Monterey Synonyms: Similar species: color, size, and body texture of Pycnopodia are distinctive. Solaster dawsoni is rare in Monterey, has arms, lacks obvious spines or pedicellaria on aboral surface.
Very abundant. On rocks, occasionally sand. Most common predatory sea star in Monterey region. Range: British Columbia to Baja Synonyms: Similar species: Pisaster brevispinus is pink with much smaller white spines. Image: Lagenicella top rt. Largest Pisaster species.
Jennifer Kennedy Updated April 06, While the classification name, "Asteroidea," may not be familiar, the organisms it contains probably are. Asteroidea includes the sea stars, commonly called starfish. With about 1, known species, sea stars are a variety of sizes, colors and are a wide-ranging marine invertebrate. Description Organisms in the Class Asteroidea have several arms usually between 5 and 40 arranged around a central disk. Having a water vascular system means that sea stars have no blood, but bring water in through their madreporite and move it through a series of canals, where it is then used to propel their tube feet.