The sanskrit word veda means knowledge or science. It is the paramount duty of all the aryas to read them, teach them, recite them and hear them. The knowledge contained in the vedas is in the form of mantras. Mantras are the sacred word present in the subtle cosmos. In the beginning of mankind the four ancient enlightened sages tap these sacred knowledge or mantras in the state of intense meditation. These sacred mantras categorized into the four vedas.
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They are considered to be one of the integral scriptural foundations of Hinduism. Many Hindus believe that the Vedas were not written by anyone including Ishwar the term used for God among the Hindus , but are eternally existing apauruseya.
While many historians regard the Vedas as some of the oldest surviving texts in the world, they estimate them to have been written down between and BCE. The Vedas are the most ancient books in the World, and they are the Foundation of Hinduism. Veda means knowledge. Any form of Knowledge acquired is considered as a Veda whereby it has no beginning or end. While it might surprise people how a book can have no beginning or end, the ancient Rishis who wrote these accepted that the complete knowledge of the Universe could never fit in any book, and so there would always be new things to discover.
This philosophy makes Hinduism a very tolerant religion, always ready to accept new ideas from other cultures. The Vedas are meant primarily to bestow the entire creation with happiness rather than to attain the Final Liberation Moksha. The resultant benefit of a happy society is the Final Liberation. This it is cumulative merit samashti punya. The Vedas are certainly overjoyed to see one individual liberated but they are even happier to see ninety-nine people making spiritual progress.
The Vedas are not meant merely for spiritual contemplation. They also contain worldly and divine concepts in them. The Vedas were compiled by Krishna during the Dvapara Yuga with the goal to come up with a de-facto standard of education. Upon gathering all the teachings passed on from the Acharyas Teachers to their Sishya Students from Kingdom to Kingdom, he compiled them into 4 standard structures; Rig, Sama, Yajur and Atharvana are the four vedas Except that they were compiled by Veda Vyasa, the date of origin is not traceable.
Hence it is difficult to say when the earliest part s of Vedas came into existence. The laws of the Vedas regulate the social, legal, domestic and religious customs of the Hindus to the present day.
All the obligatory duties of the Hindus at birth, marriage, death etc. They draw forth the thought of successive generation of thinkers, and so contain within it the different strata of thought. It is the oldest book in any Indo-European language and contains the earliest form of all Sanskrit mantras that date back to B.
The rig Veda accounts in detail the social, religious, political and economic background of the Rig-Vedic civilization. Even though monotheism characterizes some of the hymns of Rig Veda, naturalistic polytheism and monism can be discerned in the religion of the hymns of Rig Veda. The hymns in the Sama Veda, used as musical notes, were almost completely drawn from the Rig Veda and have no distinctive lessons of their own. Hence, its text is a reduced version of the Rig Veda.
The Atharva Veda: The Book of Spell The last of the Vedas, this is completely different from the other three Vedas and is next in importance to Rig-Veda with regard to history and sociology. A different spirit pervades this Veda. Its hymns are of a more diverse character than the Rig Veda and are also simpler in language.
In fact, many scholars do not consider it part of the Vedas at all. The Atharva Veda consists of spells and charms prevalent at its time, and portrays a clearer picture of the Vedic society. It is believed that humans did not compose the revered compositions of the Vedas, which were handed down through generations by the word of mouth from time immemorial.
We are now living in the last one, Kaliyuga. In Kali Yuga, the knowledge and power of man is confined to the world of gross matter Bhu Loka, first sphere, and his state is dependent of Nature. During this Yuga, his mind is centered on the problems of material objectivity, the Avidya of Atomic Form.
People possessing genial virtues diminishing day by day. Floods and famine, war and crime, deceit and duplicity characterize this age. Trying to understand the Vedas is a good augury in Kaliyuga but it is a Himalayan task.
It is more so to follow them in our day-to-day life. The ancient man worshipped the elements of nature as deities though it is believed that these deities are symbolic. This may be true for a number of mantras. In fact, they seem to be symbolic and need exceptional scholastic efforts to decipher them. He strove hard to elucidate the cryptic meanings of the Vedic words and the hymns.
These hymns are metered verses. But their covert meanings often baffle the researchers. The Indian scholars differ from their Western counterparts. Due to the limited resources in the forests, they could not perform the conventional sacrifices, nor could they adhere to the rituals. The shift towards philosophic and spiritual interpretation of the rituals and ceremonials is evident.
The speculative and intuitive thinking seems to be developing. Meditative thinking is conspicuous. The Vedic man seems to be turning from the gross to the subtle. His quest for knowledge seems to be intensified. Bookmark the permalink. Temple Purohit TemplePurohit.
The Four Vedas of Hinduism – Rig, Sama, Yajur & Atharva
It is the most sacred scriptures of India. They were meant to be mantras incantations in praise of various Aryan gods, it being the age when the Aryans were finding their feet in India. What they also reflect is a startlingly vivid picture of life. Vedas are the treasure troves containing spiritual knowledge encompassing all aspects of our life. Vedic literature with its philosophical maxims has stood the test of time and is the highest religious authority for all sections of Hindus in particular and for mankind in general. The word Veda means wisdom, knowledge or vision, and it is revered as the language of the gods in human speech.