PADI OWD PDF

Learning to scuba dive requires both knowledge development facts, principles, concepts and dive skills techniques, methods. How does it work? Short quizzes let you gauge your progress, and review and correct anything you might happen to miss. This lets you move through the program efficiently and at your own pace. What else is required to complete the course? You learn and master each of the required skills in confined water swimming pool-like conditions first before moving on and showing your instructor that you can comfortably repeat those skills in open water.

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Larger species commonly seen in Portugal include whale sharks, manta rays, devil rays, dolphins, whales, barracuda, tuna, goliath grouper, sunfish, and, on occasion, hammerhead sharks. While diving in Portugal may be more pelagic-centric, the region also has plenty of macro and reef species.

Octopus, squid, crabs, lobsters, sardines and conger eels along with a variety of fish can often be seen. Wherever you choose to dive, the diversity of life in the Atlantic Ocean will both impress and keep you busy with the ID book post-dive.

Calendar For better readability of the table, pass into the landscape mode. Most likely sightingsPossible sightings Country Portugal occupies the western side of the Iberian Peninsula in southern Europe. The climate is mild throughout the year. The rainy months are November and December while the time of year with the lowest rainfall is from April to September.

Diving is available year-round, but water temperatures may necessitate a semi-dry suit in the winter. During the 15th and 16th centuries, the country became an empire through its pioneering role in the Age of Discovery. Portugal continued to decline in power until a revolution and a subsequent military coup created a dictatorship in This lasted until a revolution established a democratic government.

Today, Portugal is a major European destination, welcoming millions of tourists every year. Portugal is host to nearly dive sites which are located up and down its kilometers of Atlantic coastline and around its islands. You can expect to see historical wrecks, colorful marine reserves, underwater caves, open ocean and active volcanoes while diving in the country. Full service dive shops and accommodation are easy to find. Budget friendly accommodation may be hard to locate, but a wide range of mid-range to high-end hotels are available.

Diving is possible year-round due to the mild climate, although the equipment needed may change from season to season. Check monthly averages to determine if a 5mm wetsuit will work for you or if you need to bring a semi-dry suit.

High season for tourism to Portugal falls between May and September. Christmas, New Year and Easter holidays can also force rates to rise. For the best prices, plan your trip from October to April, but make sure dive shops in your destination operate during low season. There are so many other things to see and do in this great European destination.

In the south, you can take a few days to relax on perfect beaches. Sea kayaking and surfing are also popular activities in the area. Lisbon delights visitors with its old-world charm and historical surrounds. Explore the ancient castles of Sintra, climb one of the seven hills or listen to the sad tones of fado. Here you can visit the port caves or venture further east to the vineyards. If you happen to be here in the fall, be sure to take a day to participate in the grape stomping festival.

Finally, if you happen to find yourself on one of the 12 islands, you will have a variety of cultural and natural activities to fill your time between dives. Take some time to hike in the natural surrounds, bathe in natural springs or ride traditional sleds down steep hills.

Wherever you visit in Portugal, the perfect combination of diving and above-the-water activities is sure to create a memorable vacation. Flights to both of these ports of entry originate from most other continents. These airports serve Europe and North America with limited international flights. Alternatively, you could arrive to Portugal by road or by boat from other parts of Europe.

Once you are in the country, you can move around between destinations by train, domestic flight or bus. Taxis, trams and subways are available for local transportation.

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