FROM TAYLORISM TO FORDISM A RATIONAL MADNESS PDF

In the U. Fordism is the economic philosophy that widespread prosperity and high corporate profits can be achieved by high wages that allow the workers to purchase the output they produce, such as automobiles. With high wages the employer has the pick of the most stable and most efficient employees, who have low turnover. Ford improved mass production methods and developed the assembly line by He sold 10 million inexpensive Model T automobiles, and made a vast fortune, while his employees became the highest paid factory workers in the world. As promoted internationally by the proponents of Fordism, Detroit served as a model of urbanism placed in the service of optimized industrial production.

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In die Verenigde State beteken Fordisme meestal die stelsel van massaproduksie en massaverbruik, wat kenmerkend is van die ekonomiese groei in die periode Ford was die kreatiewe krag agter die groei van die motorbedryf.

Rook is byvoorbeeld verbode of ontmoedig, selfs buite die werkplek. Fordisme in Europa[ wysig wysig bron ] Volgens historikus Charles Maier, is die werklike Fordisme in Europa voorafgegaan deur Taylorisme. Die term wetenskaplike bestuur word ook gebruik. Die sentrale beplanningskonsep, uitgebrei in die vyfjaarplanne, kan direk na Taylorisme teruggevoer word.

Later sou die Sowjetunie hierdie Amerikaanse invloed tot die minimum beperk en benadruk dat hulle hul mag op hul eie uitgebrei het. Post-Fordisme[ wysig wysig bron ] Die inligtingtegnologie-tydperk Die periode na Fordisme word soms as post-Fordisme beskryf.

Benewens massaproduksie , het maatskappye weer begin soek na baie spesifieke goedere en dienste, bedoel vir spesifieke klante. Dit het meer kennis en meer buigsaamheid geverg, soos om "net betyds" just-in-time gedagte vir produksie en verspreiding.

Terselfdertyd het die ondernemingstruktuur begin verander. Hierdie ondernemings vestig hulle dan saam in groepe clusters , soos in Silicon Valley.

Baie van die werk van vandag bestaan uit kreatiewe werk, soos bemarking , IT of ontwerp. In hierdie sin word die hele samelewing by die kollektiewe produksieproses ingesluit.

Hierdie Italiaanse Marxiste sien ook in hierdie veranderings nuwe metodes van weerstand teen die kapitalistiese samelewing. Bekende boeke wat hierdie idees uiteensit, is Empire , Multitude en Commonwealth , geskryf deur Negri en Michael Hardt.

Bibliografie[ wysig wysig bron ] Antonio, Robert J. Banta, Martha. Doray, Bernard Holden, Len. Hughes, Thomas P. The University of Chicago Press. Meyer, Stephen. Pietrykowski, Bruce. Socialist praise for Ford in Settis, Bruno. Tolliday, Steven and Zeitlin, Jonathan eds. Watts, Steven. Gielen, Pascal. The Murmuring of the Artistic Multitude.

Global Art, Memory and Post-Fordism. Valiz: Amsterdam. Hierdie artikel is in sy geheel of gedeeltelik vanuit die Nederlandse Wikipedia vertaal.

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1853430110 - From Taylorism to Fordism: a Rational Madness by Doray, Bernard

In die Verenigde State beteken Fordisme meestal die stelsel van massaproduksie en massaverbruik, wat kenmerkend is van die ekonomiese groei in die periode Ford was die kreatiewe krag agter die groei van die motorbedryf. Rook is byvoorbeeld verbode of ontmoedig, selfs buite die werkplek. Fordisme in Europa[ wysig wysig bron ] Volgens historikus Charles Maier, is die werklike Fordisme in Europa voorafgegaan deur Taylorisme.

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Nursing beyond fordism

Metrics details Abstract Currently, economic and social pressures have resulted in a dramatic restructuring of health care organizations. Hospitals under heavy pressure to contain prices are moving rapidly toward the deskilling of nursing duties as an immediate way to reduce their labor costs. This article discusses this movement and how, while at first glance it may appear acceptable, the change is nothing more than a movement from Taylorism to Fordism. Deskilling is a step backward for the industry and it has serious implications for patient care. The industry should instead be attempting to build on the flexibility that has always been inherent in nursing so as to create an adaptable workforce capable of going beyond Fordism. For this concept to come to fruition, however, nursing will need to be given more decision-making authority over its role in the health-care delivery system. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

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From Taylorism to Fordism by Bernard Doray

Overview[ edit ] Fordism is "the eponymous manufacturing system designed to spew out standardized, low-cost goods and afford its workers decent enough wages to buy them. His assembly line was revolutionary though not original as it had previously been used at slaughterhouses. His most original contribution to the modern world was breaking down complex tasks into simpler ones, with the help of specialised tools. His real accomplishment was recognizing the potential by breaking it all down into its components, only to build it back up again in a more effective and productive combination, thereby producing an optimum method for the real world. Hence, common workers could buy their own cars. The Ford Motor Company was one of several hundred small automobile manufacturers that emerged between and That led to massive consumption.

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From Taylorism to Fordism : a rational madness

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