It states in the introduction that the key aim of CDM is to integrate health and safety into the management of the project and to encourage everyone involved to work together to: Improve planning and management of projects from the beginning Identify risks early so they can be eliminated or reduced at the design or planning stage and the remaining risks can be properly managed Target health and safety effort to where it can do the most good Avoid unnecessary bureaucracy Manage the risks not the paperwork The regulations are intended to focus attention on planning and management and to ensure that health and safety considerations are treated as an essential part of the project and not an afterthought or bolt on extra. The effort invested in planning and managing health and safety should be proportionate to the risks and complexity of the project. All focus should be on the actions necessary to reduce and manage risk. Unnecessary paperwork which adds little to risk management can be a dangerous distraction from the real business of risk reduction and management. Application of the Regulations The regulations are divided into 5 parts; Part 1 deals with matters of interpretation and application.
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General management duties that applied to all construction projects Additional management duties that applied to notifiable projects Physical safeguards that must be provided to prevent danger Civil liability and transitional provisions that applied during the period when the regulations come into force, and amendments and revocations of other legislation CDM applied to all construction and covers construction activities such as building, civil engineering, engineering construction work, demolition, site preparation and site clearance.
It states that following the advice given complies with CDM regulations. ACoP came into force in April Non-notifiable projects are those that are likely to take less than 30 days of construction time. Although there is no legal requirement for a formal appointment of a Principal Contractor or CDM coordinator or a construction phase plan for non-notifiable projects, regulation does require cooperation and coordination between all members of the project team.
Multiple plan documents must be prepared. Additional duties are also placed on the Client, Designers and Contractors. Each of these duty holders, apart from the client, must be "competent" to act in the project. Client[ edit ] The client is the party for whom the project is carried out. The client controls the duration, budget and appointment of other parties. As such they play a key role in the promotion of a systematic approach to health and safety management in construction.
Ensure suitable management arrangements. Ensure sufficient time and resources are allowed for all stages including site setup. With CDM coordinator, compile and provide pre-construction information to designers and contractors. Ensure cooperation and coordination between client and contractor staff. Verify the sufficiency of the construction phase plan prior to construction commencement.
Verify that suitable welfare facilities are in place prior to construction commencement and cooperate with the principal contractor to provide a suitable welfare facility Compile and retain up to date health and safety files from the CDM coordinator. Provide access to others for health and safety purposes. Often, clients have little knowledge of managing a construction project.
The client remains responsible for ensuring client duties are met. Domestic clients having work done on a property they intend to live in are exempt from CDM Primary roles and duties are to provide the client with an advisor on construction health and safety risk management matters and to ensure compliance with CDM Advise and assist the client with all of their duties.
Therefore, by default anyone involved is a potential designer, including the client, architect , engineers , surveyors , service designers, project managers , landscape architects , contractors, interior designers and shop fitters and anyone purchasing materials without a detailed specification. Designers can identify and eliminate hazards and reduce hazard risks where elimination is not possible. Designer responsibilities extend beyond the construction phase. The must consider the health and safety of those who maintain, repair, clean, refurbish, and eventually remove or demolish the structure, as well as that of workplace users.
Where significant risks remain, designers must ensure that the CDM coordinator, other designers and contractors are aware of these risks. Designers also have duties under other legislation. Ensure that personnel allocated to their design team from internal or external resources are competent and adequately resourced.
Eliminate or reduce health and safety risks to constructors, users, maintainers, repairers, commissioners , testers, cleaners , demolishers etc. Work with other designers, including temporary works designers, to ensure adequate design coordination.
Provide information about risks that cannot be satisfactorily addressed to the client, other designers and contractors. Principal Contractor[ edit ] The principal contractor develops a health and safety plan from the pre-construction information provided by the CDM coordinator and by ensuring that the plan is followed. The principal contractor must be a licensed contractor. The principal contractor has prime responsibility for safety and health during the construction phase only on notifiable projects.
Duties are to: Demonstrate competence and adequacy of resources to perform required duties. Verify competence and resources allocation of any sub-contractors.
Prepare, develop, communicate, implement and amend the construction phase plan. Plan and manage construction processes. Manage subcontractors. Ensure provision of adequate welfare facilities, prevent unauthorised site access, prepare and enforce site rules. Inform subcontractors of their mobilisation time.
Ensure the workforce is consulted on health and safety matters and provided with suitable information and training. Liaise with the CDM coordinator for any design undertaken during the construction phase.
Provide information for the health and safety file. Display the project notification on the site. Contractor duties are to: Ensure that workers under their control are safe. Coordinate their work with others. Ensure adequate welfare facilities for their workers. In addition, for notifiable projects: Check that the client is aware of their duties, check that a CDM coordinator has been appointed and ensure that HSE has been notified before the work starts.
Cooperate with the principal contractor in planning and managing work. Provide details to the principal contractor of contractors they engage. Provide any information needed for the health and safety file. Inform the principal contractor of any problems. Inform the principal contractor of reportable accidents, disease and dangerous events. Workers behave as safely as possible and not endanger others. Their duties are to: Ensure they only carry out tasks at which they are competent.
Report risks and hazards to the contractor. Coordinate work to ensure the health and safety of themselves and others. Follow site health and safety rules and procedures. Statutory documents[ edit ] Mandatory documents for a CDM project, include project notification, pre-construction information, construction phase plan and health and safety plan. Pre-construction information is required for all projects, while some form of the other documents must be produced for both notifiable and non-notifiable projects.
Project notification is only needed for notifiable projects. The Construction Phase Plan is required on notifiable projects, but something similar is required on other projects to provide for effective health and safety management. Existing Health and Safety files must be modified files for structures undergoing modifications. The client must establish related procedures. Even when a Health and Safety File is not required, as-built and operational and maintenance information are required.
Project notification Form 10 [ edit ] The regulations require the CDM coordinator to notify the local HSE office of all projects expected to last more than 30 working days and all work of shorter duration that involves more than person-shifts.
The initial notification happens as soon as possible after appointment of the CDM coordinator. Further notifications are required by project changes that affects the notification, such as the subsequent appointment of the principal contractor.
Additional notifications are not required should designers and contractors change. This notification may be performed using the HSE Form 10 rev or by other means, including electronic, providing it contains the information specified by Schedule 1 of CDM, which consists of: Date of forwarding and exact site address A brief project description Contact details of the client, CDM coordinator and principal contractor Planned construction start date planned Time allowed for planning and preparation Planned construction duration Estimated maximum number of on-site workers Planned number of contractors Name and address of existing designers and contractors A client declaration attesting knowledge of client duties Pre-construction information[ edit ] Pre-construction information PCI provides information for planning and for the construction phase plan.
The pre-construction information may include indexed drawings, reports, surveys, etc. Construction phase plan[ edit ] Construction phase plans CPP or CPHP must contain health and safety management systems and arrangements, and risk assessments and method statements for initial work activities. On non-notifiable projects involving demolition or high risk levels, a written plan, approximating the construction phase plan is recommended. The client must establish the need for this, with assistance from designers.
Health and safety file[ edit ] A health and safety file HSF is required only on notifiable projects. However, if a health and safety file exists for a structure involved in a non-notifiable project, this file must be updated. The health and safety file contains information needed to allow safe construction.
Scope, structure and format must be agreed between the client and the CDM coordinator at the outset. The client takes charge of the file upon project completion. On notifiable projects, contractors must promptly provide relevant information to the principal contractor. The pre-construction information covers contents, timing and format.
The main findings were: Broad support from industry stakeholders, with concerns about effectiveness, particularly with SMEs; The proposed replacement of the CDM coordinator role with that of the principal designer remains appropriate;[ clarification needed ] Respondents requested a new, shorter signposting ACOP, complemented by the HSE and joint HSE-industry guidance; HSE proposed to revisit the section on competence to improve clarity, but claimed that the new competence requirements was appropriate.
The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015
The original aim of the CDM was to reduce injuries and fatalities in the construction sector by improving the management of health, safety and welfare. The original regulations made great strides in putting responsibility for safety where it could most effectively be handled; beginning with design and also ensuring that no one in the supply chain, including clients, could avoid responsibility. Unfortunately, the impact of the regulations was diluted by lack of clarity regarding responsibilities, complex drafting and the somewhat justified perception that compliance required endless paperwork. The results were published in April
CDM Approved Code of Practice (ACoP)
Kigami The main findings were:. The health and safety file contains information needed to allow safe construction. Project notification is only needed for notifiable projects. A CDM coordinator is required only on notifiable projects. Designer responsibilities extend beyond the construction phase. The regulations placed specific duties on clientsdesigners and contractorsto plan their approach to health and safety. Scope, structure and format must be agreed between the client and the CDM coordinator at the outset.
CDM REGULATIONS 2007 ACOP PDF
Meztijar CDM changes the notification threshold to cover projects lasting more than 30 working days and having more than 20 workers working simultaneously at any point in the projects; or exceeding person-days. The proposed revision will principally support the strategic objectives of ccm co-ordination, better value for money, improved efficiency and procurement and use of technological changes, for example, building information modelling BIM. However, this requirement is cd in the duty in regulation 5 for clients to ensure adequate management arrangements. They were superseded by the Construction Design and Management Regulations In your opinion, are the designer duties clearer? Construction phase plans CPP or CPHP must contain health and safety management systems and arrangements, and risk assessments and method statements for initial work activities. The Construction Phase Plan is required on notifiable projects, but something similar is required on other projects to provide for effective health and safety management.
Managing health and safety in construction
Durr Please provide comments if you wish. This is a Cabinet Office led initiative seeking comments from the public on all Government regulations. The UK remains committed to fully implementing EU Directives and the proposed changes to the Regulations will meet that aim. Clients including domestic clients Domestic clients procuring work can assume the appointments to the co-ordination roles will happen automatically co-ordination roles principal designer and principal contractor and appointment thresholds — The proposals remove the CDM co-ordinator role. Firstly, an external research project which consisted of a substantial questionnaire, structured interviews, focus groups and open meetings and workshops. Where significant risks remain, designers must ensure that the CDM coordinator, other designers and contractors are aware of these risks. Is this approach acceptable to you?