During that same year, Robert Schumann, his composition student Albert Dietrich as well as Brahms decided to compose a violin sonata as a joint venture and as a surprise gift for Joachim. Dietrich composed the first movement, Schumann the second and Brahms the third. The front page of the manuscript score was inscribed by Schumann with the title F. Brahms seems not to have considered publishing his Allegro movement, and h ad the autograph remained in his possession he would doubtlessly have destroyed it, like many other compositions.
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These works were written with specific performers in mind and Brahms worked closely with them when refining the final texts. Nevertheless, we rarely approach the music taking into consideration the possibilities of the instruments for which Brahms wrote or the performing practices of the individual players who first performed these compositions, including Brahms himself.
In addition to the musical text these editions offer an informative Introduction laying out the genesis, publication history and reception of the works.
At the same time there is a complete list of the sources, an explanation of the editorial procedures and a Critical Commentary. Also, each volume contains a detailed discussion of specific performing practice issues raised by individual works. Furthermore musicians will find valuable information concerning vibrato, portamento and bowing. The violin and viola sonata editions come not only with an Urtext part freed from all editorial emendations, but also with an additional part including fingering and bowing based on the practices of Joseph Joachim and his colleagues.
A similar approach has been used for the violoncello sonatas, drawing on performance markings by Robert Hausmann for whom Brahms wrote the Sonata in F major , Hugo Becker, with whom Brahms performed it, and Julius Klengel who was also close to his circle.
In these versions Brahms did not simply adjust the solo part for the violin, he made many alterations to the piano part, casting thought-provoking light on the clarinet and viola versions. Together these publications form a challenging and helpful resource.
F-A-E Sonata (Various)
Scherzo, Op.4 (Brahms, Johannes)