Is a reading to the nearest tenth of a mm sufficient or do you need greater accuracy in your readings? Manual reading is easy and straightforward. You look through the lenses, focus the optics, position in the lens on the impression and read the result in mm. The result in mm is then converted to HBW Hardness Brinell by looking up the mm measurement and the table provides the hardness. Automatic reading uses a digital camera which shoot the image and does the calculations for you and tells you the diameter of the impression in mm and also the HBW Hardness Brinell number.

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Type B devices shall not be used for measuring 5. The 5. The Brinell hardness test principle. The design of the testing standard Brinell hardness scales and test forces are given in machine shall be such that no rocking or lateral movement of Table 3, corresponding to force-diameter ratios see Table 1 of the indenter or specimen occurs while the force is being 1, 1. Brinell hardness values should be applied. The design of the testing machine shall ensure that the determined and reported in accordance with one of these force to the indenter is applied smoothly and without impact standard scales.

Other scales using non-standard test forces forces. Precautions shall be taken to prevent a momentary high may be used by special agreement. Examples of other scales test force caused by the inertia of the system, hydraulic system and the corresponding force-diameter ratio in parentheses are overshoot, etc.

Brinell hardness number shall be calculated from the mean 5. The allowable measurement devices HBW 2. No further reproductions authorized. Indentation Depth 5. Brinell hardness numbers shall be followed by the mm mm in. Test Piece 3. The test piece on which the indentation is made 4. The thickness of the material under test should be 5. NOTE 1—Brinell hardness testing can use high test forces. Under certain conditions of testing a relatively thin material or coating on a NOTE 2—A lower limit in indentation diameter is necessary because of material with high hardness, there is a potential for the test material to the risk in damaging the ball and the difficulty in measuring the break or shatter under load resulting in serious personal injury or damage indentation.

The upper limit is necessary because of a reduction in to equipment. Users are strongly cautioned to exercise extreme care when sensitivity as the diameter of the indentation approaches the ball diameter.

If there is a The thickness and spacing requirements may determine the maximum concern or doubt, do not test the material. It should be realized that different Brinell hardness requirements for indentation spacing. For the purpose of obtaining a continuous scale of indentation is to be made should be filed, ground, machined or values, it may be desirable to use a single force to cover the complete range of hardness for a given class of materials.

Brinell hardness tests made on the same test material, but using different force- 7. Test Procedure diameter ratios, will produce different Brinell hardness num- 7. Approximate Brinell hardness 7. Users of the Brinell test are cautioned that the tempera- 7. Consequently, users should to making hardness tests. It is also recommended that the ensure that the test temperature does not adversely affect the operation of the machine be checked in accordance with the hardness measurement.

The angle between the indenter force-line numbers, or to tensile strength values. Such conversions are, at and the surface of the specimen should be perpendicular. Faster force conversion has been obtained by comparison tests. Report may be necessary since the indenter will continue to penetrate 9. Testing of these materials may require the use information: of a longer applied force dwell time than stated above, which 9. When an rounded to three significant digits in accordance with Practice extended applied force dwell time is used, the dwell time shall E 29, for example, HBW or Additional mea- indentation measuring device is used, no statement is required.

The 9. Precision and Bias shall be measured to the resolution of the measuring device when using a Type A device, or one-half the graduation spacing Three analyses were performed on a total of product specification, such as for an anisotropic grain structure seven different materials of varying levels of hardness.

Three where the difference can be 0. Indentations made on than the r is the interval value for that material; r is the interval curved surfaces may be slightly elliptical rather than circular in representing the critical difference between two test results for shape. The measurements of the indentation shall be taken as the same material, obtained by the same operator using the the mean of the major and minor axes. E 10 — 07a.


ASTM E10 - 18

Brad Kelechava Leave a comment Hardness is not a physical property of a material but a characteristic, one that can be measured through a variety of methods. The Brinell hardness test identifies the indentation hardness of a desired material. The mean of these measurements is the Brinell hardness value. This differs from alternative indentation hardness testing methods such as the Vickers, Rockwell, and Knoop tests, as well as those practiced for assessing scratch and rebound hardness types. Since this procedure involves the tested material undergoing a fixed force, it can be stated that the shallower the indentation, the harder the material is. For a general demonstration of the Brinell hardness test, please refer to the video below: The adoption of Brinell hardness tests are useful for several reasons. In addition, Brinell hardness tests have a particular recognition in industry, as they are considered satisfactory for acceptance testing of commercial shipments.


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